Periyar tiger Reserve, Thekkady, is an example of nature’s bounty, with great scenic charm, rich bio diversity and providing veritable visitor satisfaction. Sprawled over an area of 777 Sq. Km., Periyar is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Zealously guarded and efficiently managed reserve is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna and forms the major watershed of two important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and Pamba
Community based ecotourism
People oriented and park centered community based ecotourism is the hallmark of Periyar Tiger Reserve. These programmes are conducted by local people responsible for the surveillance of the vulnerable parts of the reserve. By taking tourists along, they are involved in the conservation of the forests of Periyar and some valuable revenue is generated for community welfare. People who once made a living by illegal operations in the forests have since become forest protectors and earn their livelihood through these programmes. Hence, as a visitor, when you join them in any of these programmes, you are directly contributing towards forest conservation and community welfare.
An appeal to the visitor
You are supporting a noble cause of forest conservation and community welfare by participating in these ecotourism programmes. The interest and participation shown by you is highly appreciated. Let’s make Periyar a heitage for all time to come.
Area: 777 sq. km.
Location Longitude:76 55- 77 26 E
Latitude: 9 16 9 40 N
Boundaries North : Peermedu taluk
South : Pathanamthitta district
East : Theni, Tirunelveli & Ramnad Districts of Tamil Nadu
West : Kottayam district
Terrain & Geomorphology
Terrain is undulating with lofty peaks of over 1700 meters bordering the north and east. Towards the west it merges into an extensive tableland Mount Plateau of average elevation 1200 meters. From the edge of this plateau the land falls steeply to the thickly forested tracts of Sabarimala hills in the Pamba River basin. The overall elevation ranges from 100 meters at Pambavalley to 2019 meters at Kottamalai.
Rock granites and gneisses Soil laterite, fine loamy, with large amount of quartz gravel formed from crystalline rock.
Climate & Rain fall
The temperature ranges from 15C in December and January and up to 31C in April & May. The Annual rainfall ranges from 2000 mm to 3000 mm. Two thirds of the rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon from June to September. The northeast monsoon impacts from October to December. There are some pre-monsoon showers from mid of April.
Periyar and Pamba. Area of lake : 26 sq. km. (at max. water level)